What is Gynecology? Gynecology is the branch of medicine involved in the study, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions of the female reproductive organs, including the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and breasts.

Who Practices Gynecology?

Gynecologists receive board certification in both, gynecology and obstetrics- the field involved in managing pregnancy and associated conditions- after completing residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Gynecologists may subspecialize further through fellowships in urogynecology, gynecology oncology, and minimally invasive gynecology.

Conditions treated by gynecologists include:

  • Menstrual disorders
  • PCOS
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Cancers of the cervix and uterus
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

In addition to providing treatment, gynecologists also provide preventative care and education, such as:

  • Pelvic exams and pap smears
  • Well women visits for general primary care
  • Breast exams
  • HPV Vaccinations
  • Contraception
  • Education on hygiene and sexual matters, STD prevention, menopause, and any other matters related to women’s health.

Source: Resources for You. (n.d.). ACOG. Retrieved May 18, 2022, from[FAQs,FAQs%20for%20Teens]