A number of conditions can affect the macula and without treatment lead to loss of vision.

Some disorders related to the macula include:

  • Retinal vein occlusion (RVO)
  • Central serous retinopathy
  • Cytomegalovirus retinopathy
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Macular degeneration
  • Macular edema
  • Macular hole
  • Macular pucker
  • Macular telangectasia

Source: Kolb, H., Fernandez, E., & Nelson, R. (Eds.). (1995). Webvision: The Organization of the Retina and Visual System. University of Utah Health Sciences Center.