Maternal-Fetal Medicine

What is Maternal-Fetal Medicine? Maternal-fetal medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics involved in the research, education, and management of high-risk pregnancies to ensure the optimization of equitable perinatal outcomes. Physicians board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology can gain training in maternal-fetal medicine through fellowship after completion of medical school and residency.

What conditions are managed by Maternal-Fetal Medicine?

Maternal-fetal medicine manages a variety of conditions and risk factors that can complicate the outcome of a pregnancy, including:

  • Recurrent pregnancy loss
  • Gestational hypertension
  • Preeclampsia and eclampsia
  • HELLP syndrome
  • Placenta previa
  • Placenta accrete, increta, and percreta
  • Placental abruption
  • Hyperemesis gravidarum
  • Chronic maternal health problems
  • Advanced maternal age
  • Surgical emergencies caused by trauma, need for critical care, or non-obstetric abdominal surgery
  • Cancer
  • Fetal birth defects or growth problems
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • TORCH syndrome
  • Intrauterine fetal demise
  • Alloimmunization

Source: About Us- Mission and Vision. (n.d.). SMFM.Org – The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. Retrieved June 2, 2022, from