Vitreoretinal is a term used to describe topics related to the retina and vitreous fluid, such as specialists, diseases, and procedures.

Vitreoretinal diseases refer to conditions affecting the retina, macula, and vitreous:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Macular degeneration
  • Retinal tears or detachments
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Uveitis
  • Retinoblastoma

Vitreoretinal specialists are ophthalmologists who, after residency, have trained in a fellowship specializing in the diagnosis, and the medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the retina, macula, and vitreous gel.  They often perform vitreoretinal procedures, such as:

  • Intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment
  • Cryotherapy
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Vitrectomy

Source: Retinal diseases – Symptoms and causes. (2022, January 6). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved March 28, 2022, from