Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine involved with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the eye.

Ophthalmology may be practiced by general ophthalmologists who, in addition to providing routine eye care, diagnose and treat common conditions of the eye and are often the primary point of contact for patients regarding the health of their eyes.

The field of ophthalmology also comprises a vast number of surgical subspecialties ophthalmologists can train in through fellowship programs. A general ophthalmologist will refer patients to these subspecialties as needed:

  • Strabismus/pediatric ophthalmology
  • Glaucoma
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Vitreoretinal ophthalmology
  • Cornea/anterior segment specialty
  • Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery

Source: Ophthalmology. (n.d.). American College of Surgeons. Retrieved March 28, 2022, from https://www.facs.org/education/resources/residency-search/specialties/ophthal#:%7E:text=Ophthalmology%20is%20an%20exciting%20surgical,%2Forbit%2C%20and%20ocular%20oncology.