Hyperopia, more commonly known as farsightedness, is a condition caused by a refractive error that causes the image to focus behind the retina.

Etiology of Hyperopia

Hyperopia is a congenital condition in which the globe’s anterior to posterior length is too short or there is developmental and structural deviation in the cornea or lens. Although these changes are present during childhood, the onset of symptoms does not occur until they are older. Children who experience symptoms of hyperopia usually grow out of them. Hyperopia is thought to be a genetic condition and family history is a significant risk factor. 

Pathologies associated with Hyperopia:

  • Strabismus
  • Ambylopia

Source: National Eye Institute. (n.d.). Farsightedness (Hyperopia) | National Eye Institute. NIH National Eye Institute. Retrieved May 2, 2022, from https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/farsightedness-hyperopia