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Scientific Name: Levocarnitine
Brand Name: Carnitor
Company Owner: Sigma tau pharmaceuticals inc, Bedford laboratories div ben venue laboratories inc, Luitpold pharmaceuticals inc, Teva parenteral medicines inc, Hi tech pharmacal co inc, Lyne laboratories inc, Corepharma llc
Mechanism Of Action Levocarnitine can be synthesised within the body from the amino acids lysine or methionine. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is essential to the synthesis of carnitine. Levocarnitine is a carrier molecule in the transport of long chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane. It also exports acyl groups from subcellular organelles and from cells to urine before they accumulate to toxic concentrations. Only the L isomer of carnitine (sometimes called vitamin BT) affects lipid metabolism. Levocarnitine is handled by several proteins in different pathways including carnitine transporters, carnitine translocases, carnitine acetyltransferases and carnitine palmitoyltransferases.
Description of the Drug: Levocarnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in hyperlipoproteinemia.
Protein Data Bank: Not Available
Source: DrugBank Online – DrugBank.com. Retrieved 2023-01-23 from https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB00583