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Scientific Name: Dinoprostone
Brand Name: Cervidil, Prepidil, Prostin E2
Company Owner: Pharmacia and upjohn co, Controlled therapeutics (scotland) ltd
Mechanism Of Action Dinoprostone administered intravaginally stimulates the myometrium of the gravid uterus to contract in a manner that is similar to the contractions seen in the term uterus during labor, resulting in the evacuation of the products of conception from the uterus. It is believed that dinoprostone exerts its uterine effects via direct myometrial stimulation, but the exact mechanism of action is unkown. Other suggested mechanisms include the regulation of cellular membrane calcium transport and of intracellular concentrations of cyclic 3′, 5′-adenosine monophosphate. Dinoprostone also appears to produce local cervical effects including softening, effacement, and dilation. The exact mechanism of action for this effect is also unknown, but it has been suggested that this effect may be associated with collagen degradation caused by secretion of the enzyme collagenase as a partial response to locally administered dinoprostone.
Description of the Drug: Dinoprostone is a prostaglandin used to induce labor or abortion as well as to treat nonmetastatic gestational trophoblastic disease.
Protein Data Bank:
Source: DrugBank Online – DrugBank.com. Retrieved 2023-01-23 from https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB00917